Cut pile styles
Cut Pile Styles include Velvet, Plush, Saxony, Hard Twist / Frieze, Shag, Twist, Heather Twist.
There are different classifications of cut pile carpets, and these refer mainly to the twist level of the pile yarn and description of the pile length.
Both velour and velvet have a short pile length. The loop lines can be either uniform in height or a sequence of alternating low and high loop rows. Velvet yarn has very little twist and may not be heat set. The pile tufts are burst similar to a velour but velvet has a slightly longer pile length.
Another popoular cut-pile sytle, a saxony has a relatively high pile and the end of the tuft flairs slightly to produce a luxurious smooth surface. ‘Plush’ or ‘velvet’ cut pile constructions are similar to the saxony but have a lower pile height and tighter tuft definition (with little to no ‘tip flair’)
Plush is also a level-cut pile. The yarn has a little more twist than a velvet pile carpet, and is usually set to retain this twist (water, steam, dye or chemical setting are used to set wool yarns).
|Cut and Loop
Also known as carved or sculptured pile, it is basically a cut pile carpet with areas of loop pile designed into it.Like any fashion, carpet trends come and go. So don’t necessarily select the style that’s in this month’s home furnishing magazine.
The hard twist style is also known as Frieze (pronounced ‘freezay’) or curled pile.
A cut pile style with a ‘textured’ finish made up of highly twisted tufts that curl slightly at the pile surface. The yarn is tightly twisted then heat set to give textured look to the pile surface. The pile appears to lay randomly.
The pile tufts are very long and create a low density construction, because the spacing of the tufts is more open than other carpet constructions.
|Semi Shag (Splush)||= Medium to Long|
|Velour||= Short to Medium|
Some styles are more functional than others, so consider where the carpet will be laid – in a heavy traffic area like the family room or a hallway, or in a lighter traffic area such as a dining room or spare bedroom.
Also think about the ambience of the room. Are you creating a contemporary space, a formal look or something cosy or functional?
Talk to your retailer about the décor effects you are trying to achieve, and the likely traffic levels. They will assist you in selecting the best style for your home.
Loop pile styles
There are two basic carpet constructions: cut pile and loop pile. They can also be combined in one surface design to create a cut and loop construction. These constructions can also produce a vast range of different surface effects that are known as styles:
Loop Pile Styles
Loop Pile Styles include Level Loop, Sisal, Cord, Multilevel Loop, Textured Loop.
A simple loop pile with tufts of equal height normally in a ‘tight’ construction using fairly fine yarn.
|Berber, Heather, Tweed
Normally made of thicker yarns tufted into chunky loop tufts and usually of earth tones with a flecked or mottled appearance. Berbers can also be produced in a cut pile construction.
|Sisal / Cord
These names are used inter-changeably but they generally refer to a heavily textured loop pile carpet. A sisal/cord carpet has a similar look to the traditional mat floor coverings made from plant fibres, but in carpet, it is a much more stylish and comfortable alternative. The loop lines can be either uniform height or a sequence of alternating low and high lines.
This is also referred to as high-low loop or sculptured loop. As these names imply, this carpet is made up of different pile heights, two or three heights being the most common. The difference in height creates a surface that can be described as sculptured, with the pattern appearing to have been carved from the carpet.
Understanding the carpet styles:
Twist carpets are made with a twisted yarn that causes the pile to lie in different directions, giving a more textured appearance. Consider a twist carpet if you’re searching for a contemporary look and have a busy lifestyle. Twist carpets are also perfect for households with pets.
- Comfortable and soft
- Textured appearance
As the name suggests loop carpet is where the carpet pile forms a loop. The pile comes from the backing to its full height, forms a loop and returns to the backing. Loop carpets, which include Berber, provide a fashionable look to any room and don’t tend to show footprints as much as other carpet styles.
- Hides footprints
- Easy to maintain
Plush carpets are achieved where the loops are first cut and the tips of the loops sheared. Plush carpets have a luxurious feel underfoot and their high density pile will ensure many years of comfort. Plush carpets have a tendency to display temporary shading from footprints and vacuuming, which is regarded as a characteristic of the style and has no effect on the carpet performance.
- Luxurious appearance
- Perfect for formal areas
- Soft to touch
Textured carpets are popular designs made up of loops and/or cut fibres of varying heights to give it a textured style. Textured carpets can transform your floor into a feature, while delivering the durability you are searching for. Level cut loop, cut and loop, and high low loop are all textured carpets.
- Contemporary look
- Easy to maintain
- Perfect for busy lifestyles
Selecting your carpet colour tone:
For instance, you may want to choose a carpet that complements your furnishings, or one that works well with your paint or wallpaper colours. In some cases, you may even want the carpet to become the main feature of the room.
Here are some tips to help you choose colour with confidence:
- Deep, rich colours warm up a space and encourage conversation
- Cool crisp colours create freshness and space and promote relaxation
- Subdued colours or earth tones create a quieter mood
- Brighter colours have an energising effect
- Light colours open up a dark room creating a spacious, airy effect
- Bold colours and patterns are ideal to take the focus off furnishings
- Neutral colours shift the focus from flooring to furnishings
- Light colours soil easily, dark colours may lint, and medium colours are easier to clean
Carpet measurements explained
Carpet can only be bought by the lineal/broadloom metre, which is generally 3.66 or 4 metres wide. However as timber, laminate, bamboo, luxury vinyl and tiles are priced by the square metre, carpet prices are converted to square metres so an easy comparison can be made between these flooring options.