Specific Gravity of Wood

Note: Values are approximate and may vary for some species from different forest regions and different locations, varying with conditions of growth, climate and maturity.

SPECIES
Specific Gravity
Abura
0.54
Afromosia
0.69
Apple
0.72
Alder, brown
0.54
Amberoi
0.34
Ash, alpine
0.60
Ash, American, white
0.60
Ash, Aust.
0.84
Ash, European
0.68
Ash, mountain
0.64
Ash, silvertop
0.72
Aspen, Canadian
0.44
Balsa
0.16
Baltic, red
0.46
Baltic, white
0.40
Basswood, American
0.40
Bean, Black, Aust.
0.70
Beech, American
0.66
Beech, Japan
0.62
Beech, myrtle
0.62
Beech, Wau
0.48
Beech, white
0.50
Birch, European
0.64
Birch, white
0.60
Birch, yellow
0.62
Blackbutt, western
0.80
Blackbutt, NE
0.84
Blackwood, Aust.
0.88
Bloodwood, red
0.84
Bonewood
0.78
Box, brush
0.80
Box, grey
1.00
Box, grey, coast
0.98
Box, kanuka
0.76
Brownbarrell
0.68
Butternut
0.42
Candlebark
0.66
Carabeen, yellow
0.56
Cedar, red, eastern
0.50
SPECIES
Specific Gravity
Cedar, South American
0.48
Cherry
0.54
Chestnut, American
0.44
Coachwood
0.56
Cypress, bald
0.45
Dougwood
0.48
Douglas Fir
0.50
Elm, red
0.54
Ebony
0.98
Fir, Japan
0.40
Fir, amabilis
0.40
Fir, novel, USA
0.40
Greenhart
1.00
Gum, blue, southern
0.80
Gum, blue, Tasmanian
0.76
Gum, grey
0.96
Gum, grey, mountain
0.80
Gum, Maiden‘s
0.88
Gum, mountain
0.66
Gum, American, red
0.92
Gum, red, river
0.80
Gum, rose
0.60
Gum, shining
0.66
Gum, spotted
0.85
Gum, yellow
0.90
Kempas
0.76
Kapur
0.66
Larch
0.54
Lime
0.54
Lodgepole Pine
0.42
Locust Black
0.70
Magnolia
0.50
Mahogany, American
0.60
Mahogany, African
0.56
Mahogany, red, Aust
0.84
Mahogany, rose
0.68
Mesquite
0.80
Maobi
0.80
SPECIES
Specific Gravity
Mahogany, southern
0.82
Malas
0.70
Maple, Bigleaf
0.48
Maple, Black
0.60
Maranti
0.66
Hemlock, Easter
0.42
Hemlock, western
0.48
Hickory, pecan
0.66
Holly
0.78
Iroko
0.60
Ironbark, red
1.00
Ironbark, red broad-leaved
1.00
Ironbark, red, narrow-leaved
0.98
Jarrah
0.76
Ivorywood
0.78
Kamarere, PNG source
0.62
Kamarere, Fiji source
0.64
Kapur
0.68
Karri
0.80
Kauri, Aust
0.46
Kauri, NZ
0.50
Kauri, East India
0.50
Maple, Canadian
0.66
Maple, Aust
0.54
Maple, rose
0.64
Maple, sugar
0.66
Mararie
0.76
Marri
0.76
Matai
0.54
Meranti, yellow
0.56
Messmate
0.70
Oak, American white
0.70
Oak, European
0.70
Oak, New Guinea
0.60
Oak, red, northern
0.63
Oak, willow
0.70
Oak, red, southern
0.56
SPECIES
Specific Gravity
Oak, tulip, blush
0.82
Oak, tulip, brown
0.78
Oak, tulip, red
0.72
Oak, Japan
0.66
Obeche
0.38
Pecan, hickory
0.66
Peppermint, broad-leaved
0.74
Peppermint, narrow-leaved
0.72
Purpleheart
0.70
Pine, jack
0.44
Pine, bunya
0.42
Pine, cypress, white
0.60
Pine, hoop
0.50
Pine, pitch, American
0.54
Pine, klinki
0.40
Pine, longleaf
0.58
Pine, lodgerpole
0.42
Pine, maritime
0.58
Pine, white, NZ
0.44
Pine, parana
0.50
Pine, ponderosa
0.46
Pine, radiata
0.48
Pine, scots/shortleaf
0.52
Pine, slash
0.50
Pine, sugar
0.40
Pine, white, western
0.40
Poplar, yellow
0.42
Quandong, silver
0.46
Ramin
0.60
Redwood, U.S.A
0.42
Redwood, European
0.44
Rose Wood
0.60
Sapele
0.60
Sassfras
0.60
Satinash, grey
0.66
Satinash, New Guinea
0.68
Satinash, rose
0.66
SPECIES
Specific Gravity
Satinay
0.76
Scots Pine
0.50
Sepetir
0.60
Sheoak, river
0.70
Sheoak, rose
0.82
Sugi
0.40
Sterculia
0.80
Silkwood, bolly
0.54
Spruce, sitka
0.44
Spruce, western white
0.45
Stringybark, brown
0.80
Stringybark, darwin
0.90
Stringybark, yellow
0.84
Sycamore, American
0.60
Sycamore, satin
0.56
Sycamore, silver
0.56
Tallowwood
0.88
Tawa
0.64
Teak
0.58
Tea Tree
0.68
Totara
0.44
Touriga, red
0.66
Tuart
0.92
Vitex, New Guinea
0.64
Walnut, blush
0.70
Walnut, European
0.64
Walnut, New Guinea
0.56
Walnut, S. America
0.64
Walnut, America
0.64
Wollybutt
0.96
Willow, black
0.40
Yellow, poplar
0.42
Yew
0.66
Yellow, Cedar
0.50
Zaberano
0.70
Zebrawood
0.72
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